Relevant Stats and Background to Introduced topic: What is the relationship between parental country of origin and the likelihood to vaccinate their child?

Diphtheria, Haemophilus influenzae serotype b infection, hepatitis B, measles, meningitis, mumps, pertussis, poliomyelitis, rubella, tetanus, tuberculosis, and yellow fever are some of the most comin infectious childhood diseases. While these diseases can impact a child’s quality of life even into their adulthood, and many can lead to death, it is important to note that not many parents support the ideas of vaccinated citing ineffectiveness, commercialization of vaccination, and the general irreversibility of vaccinations. However, Brown et al., (2010) argues that there are those who support vaccinations and the difference in opinions can be associated with the country of origin of the parent, and a number of other factors such as awareness, government intervention historical factors associated with vaccination. . Autism is a major factor on that note and is associated with some risks. Risk factors for autism include parental characteristics and scientific studies have which have refuted a causal relationship between vaccinations and autism. Vaccination is very important more so to children. According to Gao et al., (2013), there is always a link between himerosal-containing vaccine and the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine. However, scientific research has not shown this link. It is therefore the responsibility of the nurses to give advice regarding vaccine in their formal practice areas. Families will accept vaccination to their children in case they have current and credible evidence. Local health workers should accept only documentation of the date of receipt for a rash illness fever (Meissner, 2004). That way, it is therefore easy to control measles through the initiation of case investigation and active control measures. The number of measles cases in the U.S. has declined by 4% annually over the last five years. This has been in association with the highest immunization record rates in history. The young children who have not received vaccine risk due to likelihood of importation of measles. Countries with weak measles vaccines experience very high deaths (Miller & Reynolds, 2009). Measles and other viruses are just as bad as malaria. In the U.S., routine measles vaccination has been part of immunization programme since 1963. As a result of these measures, the U.S has recorded few incidents of measles attack (Rooney et al., 2004). A prolonged measles attack occurred in Wenzhou City, China. This happened after the health sector relaxed in measles vaccination. Chinese public health authorities should make greater efforts to improve timely measles vaccination. Parental decision towards vaccination of children against infections like measles should be positive. This would ensure that importation of measles would not affect children in countries health sectors carry out vaccination as recommended. This paper seeks to argue that there is significant relationship between the parent’s country of origin and the likelihood of a child to be vaccinated​

References

Meissner, H. (2004). Measles Vaccines and the Potential for Worldwide Eradication of Measles. PEDIATRICS, 114(4), 1065-1069. doi:10.1542/peds.2004-0440

Rooney, J., Milton, D., Hackler, R., Harris, J., Reynolds, D., Tanner, M., & Taylor, E. (2004). The Largest Outbreak of Measles in the United States during 1999: Imported Measles and Pockets of Susceptibility. The Journal Of Infectious Diseases, 189(s1), S78-S80. doi:10.1086/377697

Miller, L., & Reynolds, J. (2009). Autism and Vaccination-The Current Evidence.Journal For Specialists In Pediatric Nursing, 14(3), 166-172. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6155.2009.00194.x

Gao, J., Chen, E., Wang, Z., Shen, J., He, H., & Ma, H. et al. (2013). Epidemic of measles following the nationwide mass immunization campaign. BMC Infect Dis, 13(1), 139. doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-139

Brown, K., Kroll, J., Hudson, M., Ramsay, M., Green, J., & Long, S. et al. (2010). Factors underlying parental decisions about combination childhood vaccinations including MMR: A systematic review. Vaccine, 28(26), 4235-4248. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2010.04.052

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