Review of the book the “Four Civilizations” and the Evolution of Post-Mao Chinese Socialist Ideology by Nicholas Dynon


This paper seeks to review the journal article "Four Civilizations" and the Evolution of Post-Mao Chinese Socialist Ideology by Nicholas Dynon published in pages 83-109. The thesis statement is quite clear and well argued. The thesis statement has been used to define the entire content covered in the article. One of the most important things about the author’s context and the thesis statement is the connection between the introduction, the body and the conclusion. The thesis and antithesis is well argued and reasoned out. For example, the thesis statement states that the Chinese civilization is wide spread and has since been communicated in a number of journals, posters, educational guides, and ethics and citizenship handbooks. According to the articles, the Chinese rendering of civilization, Wenning is ubiquitous that even the Chinese communists party is associated with the spiritual form of civilization and the standing committees promote civilization narrative at all levels of administration viz a viz district, provincial and work unit.

The main points of the essay

While the argument is clearly biased in favors of the Chinese communist party, the authors goes out of his way to explain that despite the Chinese civilization getting undue attention from the scholars and historians alike, the discursive function of civilization within the CCP ideology is yet to receive the right attention due. He explains that that both material and spiritual civilization should be given equal weight. However, from other readings, it is quite clears that the material civilization in the Chinese context has been given a lot of attention over the recent past especially considering the fact the Chinese were amongst the earliest traders to have gone beyond their border. The article also argues that the genealogy in classical Marxism may have been used to develop the original framework for the achievement of the balanced development. From the above argument, it is quite clear that the Chinese civilization has an invisible link with the original political ideologies (Dynon, 2008, pp. 83-109)

The paper argues that the Chinese may have gained the balanced development of rural and urban, development amongst regions, balanced economic and social development, the balanced development between domestic and opening up well as balanced development of human and nature

According to the article, the third wave of Chinese civilization was focused on the development of the CCP and not the people or their productive capacity. This is to say that Zedong and Deng Xiaoping specifically advanced the Chinese civilization in his "economy as the centre ideology.”

Finally, the paper argues that the Chinese civilization was a cautious practice geared at learning from the west about development and guarding against the perceived corrupt influence of the vulgar foreign culture.


The paper is good because it is in-depth and analytical, but bit is not balanced and objective. The paper supports the Chinese ideologies but does not look at how far the Chinese would have been having the situation been otherwise. Number of Chinese literature about the circumstance backs up, the thesis statement before and after the civilization begun. It is also important to note that the research is supportive of classical Marxism and attacks the class character. The author needs to produce a balance paper to benefit from an objective review.


Nicholas Dynon, (2008)"Four Civilizations" and the Evolution of Post-Mao Chinese Socialist Ideology. Page [83] of 83-109. The China Journal


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