1) What effect or effects did the Medieval Warm Period have on European societies?
The Medieval Warm Period was a period when climate change was very evident amongst the unprepared medieval people. Rivers dried, and food shortage was major concern. During the period, two key South American Pre-Inca civilization collapsed. The Viking settlement expanded faster towards north atlantics leaving their Icelandic base. The ice free seas become the main drivers of colonization as the Vikings colonized Greenland in search of pasture and farm lands in the north. Therefore, the climate provided a conducive environment was war and travel across seas due to the absence of ice that could have impeded movement across the region.
2) How did the Little Ice Age contribute to the impact of yersiniapestis in the 14th century?
The diseases (yersiniapestis) spread faster during little ice age due t the cold as the rat came to dwell among the humans. Years of wet conditions , and hunger in central Asia led to an increase of the Mongolian gerbil population, the natural host of the bacteria and the fact that they were trading with Europeans,the diseases as also introduced into Europe by the trades who caught ill.
3) What is the "tyranny" of cereal grain crops? How does this impact European societies?
It’s a time when the cereal crops were planted,, harvested and processed throughout the year, and people labored everyday of their life. "Tyranny" of cereal grain crops led to the development of social classes of Peasants and the Lords in the medieval villages
4) How did Mongol influence impact the course of Russian history?
Batu Khan the mongol ruler marched from Mongolia with an army of 200,000 men and destroyed Russian principalities The Mongols eventually captured, sacked, and destroyed Kiev then changed the country in many ways. for example, they introduced a new religion, their art wad also different as so was their form of government and language and even their political geography.
5) Describe the spread of Bubonic Plague. What biological relationships make the epidemic disease that resulted possible?
The Bubonic Plague was disastrous as it spread across Europe faster than it could be contained. Within a few months at least 70% of the population in Florence has been infected and 60% were already dead. This was the same situation in Siena. The bubonic plague was caused by Yesinia pests that were carried by rodents such as cats that lived in large numbers amongst the community members. The rodents that were infected spread the league because they were in contact with then humans.
6) What primary advantages did Spanish conquistadores have in their favor, during the conquest of Mexico? How does my explanation of Spanish victory differ from that found in other scholars, like Victor D. Hanson?
One of the main advantages that the Spanish had over the Mexican during the conquest was the spread of the smallpox. One of the Mexican Cortés’ soldiers had smallpox and the epidemic spread very fast killing major portion of the Aztec army armoire in Mexico. I find your argument succinct and objects and not subjective as can be understood from the works of Victor D. Hanson who clearly demonstrate pro-western
7) What does the history of the use of charcoal as a fuel suggest about the possible future of oil?
The history of charcoal as fuel indicates that in future, people will use charcoal ashes to make fuels because originally people used wood, then burnt wood (charcoal).Additionally, just as charcoal burning leads to the depletion of wood forest, oil mining would lead the depletion of the natural resources used to produce the oil. just like charcoal, oil is also a non renewable source of energy
8) What did Mehmet the Conquerer become famous for conquering? Why is that conquest important, from a world historical point of view?
He conquered Istanbul. The conquest of the byzantine empire led to the urban revival of Istanbul under the tolerant and wise administration of Mehmet. This was the beginning because even the immediate successor also followed his footsteps in reviving Istanbul, and fyuther conquest of Greece and other nearby cities by the Ottoman empire
9) Why did the Tokugawa shogunate break off contact with foreign powers, after achieving victory following the Sengoku period?
He suspected that the foreign powers were intervention in local politics. He was also afraid of colonization. After achieving victory, eh excluded all form of foreign influence from missionaries and banned Christianity completely
10) Are the Ottomans "western"? Or "eastern"? Or something else?
They were Western as they initially ruled a small army in western Anatolia by 1300 and spread East by the year 1400 into Byzantine territory in eastern Europe.
11) Why is the Italian Renaissance important?
It is important because is shows how the past can be used to influence the future based on insight and total inspiration. it is also important because it shows the significance of continued innovation in solving possible future problems. Finally, the Italian renaissance connected, the present to the past and the inspired the future
12) In general terms, what does Machiavelli’s "The Prince" argue, in terms of political philosophy? How was this new or different?
He argued that good rulers can only run and maintain leadership if they set aside ethical concerns as they demonstrate welkins on the part of the ruler. He argued that justice, honesty and kindness can be counterproductive because the end justifies the means to that end. If the ruler is not just but he rules wells, then his injustice can be overlooked
13) Describe how gunpowder technology changed warfare. What are the advantages of gunpowder weapons over other types of technology?
The gunpowder was used by both foot soldiers and ship owners to defend them and kill their enemies as well as conquer new lands without the enemy subduing the shooter. Unlike swords, gunpowder could be released from a distance and the effect was huge s it could explode and kill many at a time.gun powder was used to create personal guns and a new military regime called infantry.
14) What do technological developments in terms of weaponry during the 21st century suggest about the future of war?
Future was will not be physically fought by soldiers, but will be done remotely using technology. Technological developments in weaponry during the 21st century also suggest that future warfare will be more disastrous as it will involve a combination of both biological and nuclear weapons that will be triggered and directed to their targets remotely. Probably, there will be no human beings on earth to left as the effects will be disastrous.
15) How did the printing press change history?
Reading, book became common for people and also can be a mass communication, you can print this stuff such as Bible very quickly in large numbers. Fairy tales and other folk tales could be printed in large numbers making it easy to spread and share stories from the past. People could read historical information. The books and reading culture lead to the development of a new culture influenced by what they read. For example, the bible helped spread Christianity as it was mainly used by the society leaders to teach leading to the acquisition of new culture