Research Question -To evaluate the role of organic farming as a way to promote economic viability as an appropriate method of technology in increasing large and small scale farming enterprises

Journals

Katrin, Zander, Nieberg, Hiltrud, and Frank Offermann. "Financial Relevance of Organic Farming Payments for Western and Eastern European Organic Farms." Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems (2008): 53-61. Web. 17 Feb. 2014.

This article analyses the history of organic farming in the European Union since 1994. Zander et al argues that organic farmers have been the backbone of the European Union’s economic success. According to the authors, organic farming has benefited from organic payments and the viability can be attributed to general acceptance of organic farming in the regions. Many farmers did not receive the desired attention until they adopted organic foaming and the organic payment was designed with the aim of increasing accessibility. This means that organic farming has promoted economic viability because it has generated effort geared towards better payment for the regions farmers. Due to the improved nature of farming, Zander et al also posits that organic farming has reduced the general dependency on traditional farming and this leads to an integrated approach to supporting agricultures from farming, to processing and marketing. This has also enhanced the demand for farm produce (53-61).

Pal, Singh Inder, and D. K. Grover. "Economic Viability of Organic Farming: An Empirical Experience of Wheat Cultivation in Punjab." Agricultural Economics Research Review July-December 2011 24.2 (2011): 275-82. Print.

This article analyses the economic viability of organic farming in India and other developing countries. Based on 585 organic growers and 75 inorganic growers, the researcher realized that despite the fact that organic farming is not adequately taken up by famers in Punjab, the overall output per acre was higher as compared to the inorganic wheat. This demonstrates that organic wheat was highly profitable than the inorganic wheat. Additionally, the organic wheat was highly priced than the inorganic wheat in the local market. However, despite the lower crop yield for the organic wheat the high market prices compensated adequately. This article however does not look at the sustainability component of the viable projects. This is particularly an important area because any viable project should be sustainable in the end for it has to be adopted in large scale. Additionally, the article analyses the oval productivity of the organic whet in Punjab and explains that with additional investments, then overall production of wheat can be increased by a larger percentage if biodynamic and machine labor, is increases by 0.556 per cent, and the expenditure on farmyard manures increased by one percent. However, despite these research findings, it is important to note that organic wheat productivity is likely to decrease over the years and may not be sustainable in the end.

Reflection

In this research, the Marymount University was useful for retrieving the specific article required for the research. I used the key words such as “organic farming” “economic viability” “sustainability” “farmers” and “small enterprises.” Based on the above search terms, the vacuum managed t pull over 10 pages of articles with the same. However, I had to filter it further to reduce the number of results. Therefore, I triangulated to the search term and remained with 4 pages with similar terms. Most of the books were in external libraries and the world cat library, and Wiley and sons database were accessible. All the articles searched seemed to argue that organic farming is viable and profitable, but is not sustainable. Therefore, I fine tuned my research to look at the viability of organic farming at the basic level and found out that small scale enterprises may not realize much from organic farming because the profitability of the technology is only significant when t other benefits such as economics of scale accrue. Never the less, these are argument from only five pages of the entire database and they lack adequate facts to back their claims. Therefore, I propose a direction for future research to focus on how small scale enterprises can realize sustainability of the organic farming through investment in technology and other farm inputs.

Additional materials

Fairweather, John R. "Understanding How Farmers Choose between Organic and Conventional Production: Results from New Zealand and Policy Implications."Agriculture and Human Values 16 (1999): 51-63. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Web. 17 Feb. 2014.

According to the article, organic farming in New Zealand has greater development potential conserving the fact that the government has established new financial incentives geared at inspiriting the farmers to help in improving food security. However, despite the government involvement in organic farming, the author states that there are many fathers who have not embrace organic farming due to lack of proper information about the same. The article conclude s that depute a larger percentage of farmers are interested in organic farming but are still concerned about the economic and technical viability of the organic farming. Therefore, in conclusion, the paper posits that in order to address these issues, it is important to address farmer’s attitude to change first. This article therefore argues that organic farming is both economically and technically viable, but the success of organic farming can only be realized if the farmers are encouraged to consider etude change from the conventional farming to organic farming due to low input.

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