After reading the Jungle Capitalists A Story of Globalization, Greed and Revolution by Peter Chapman, I realized that human beings are their own worst enemy. The capitalists have introduced the consumerism culture that advances the idea of buying things man does not need. For example, consumerism culture supports fashion industry that makes and advertises perishing fashion. Man has to contend with the idea of competition and using the natural resources like there is another earth awaiting man to go to after this is over. Recycling involves the converting or re-processing of waste into useful products. Waste may come from homes, schools industrial setting and even from the gardens. Recycling is premised on the ideas that all waste has potential uses and the term waste is a relative term because wastes from institution can be useful to farmers. For example, cow dung and left over foods can be used as organic manure by the farmers. Toilet and sewage wastes are manure in themselves and can be used by the fractures because the manufacturers turn them into fertilizer. Additionally, sewage can be used directly in the garden for farming as a potent source of nitrogen needed by plants (Sahni, &, Gutowski, 2011). "Farm waste can be used to feed animals and the process is a complete cycle because all wastes have other potential uses.

Sources of waste

Wastes come from all environments. For example, from homes (old clothes and other materials used by households), industries (chemical and material not used by the factory), as well as institutions (solid waste, papers and any other waste. Therefore, if all waste could be disposed, probably the whole world would be filed with waste and the resources would be depleted (Huesemann, H., &,, Huesemann 2011, pp. 135–137)

The rationale of recycling

Recycling is based on the idea that all raw material are provided by Mother Nature therefore consumption of the natural resources leads to the depletion of non- renewable natural resources.

Recycling also reduces waste because all the less useful wastes that would be disposed onto the environments are converted into usable material for further processing or as final products. For example, e-waste is the modern menace today as the old computers and phones are shipped and dumped in the third world countries as disguised as donations. Dead or outdated computers from the developed countries are dumped or sold to the developing countries as second hand computers or other electronics (Moore, 2008, pp. 131–139).

Wastes contribute to Green House Gas (GHG) that damages the ozone layer thereby causing global warming and climate change. Therefore recycling contributes heavily to the reduction of GHG emission, global warming and climate change

Recycling creates new or additional sources of raw materials; this means that factories and household would not have to rely on the natural resources thereby conserving the environment by reducing the environment of unnecessary waste.

What are the recyclable products and waste?

Recycling can only be done to any material that can be reprocessed into useful products or can be reused. For example, glass bottle wastes can be used for storing water, or can be crushed for manufacturing new glass. Brocken plastic can be re-processed to produce new plastics containers and plastic products.

Food and other biodegradable products can also be recycled by feeding to animals or using as manure. Additionally, they can be recycled through decomposition. Chemical spills can also be recycled by mixing with other chemical compounds and the products be put to alternative functions. For example, petroleum spills from factories can be mixed with other chemicals to produce usable produce for use in machinery such as grease (Sahni, &, Gutowski, 2011, pp. 1–6).

Recycling codes and standards

Recycling codes are based on the types of resin in the products. For example, types one plastic are coded PET to mean light plastic bottle made up of polyethylene terephthalat, the type two plastics are coded HDPE to mean high density polyethylene, while type three is composed of liquid plastics and are coded PVC. Finally type four, five, six, and seven are coded LDPE (low-density polythene, PP (polypropylene), PS, and sunglasses respectively.

Ethical Consideration

The cost benefit analysis of recycling points at more advantages or benefit than the cost implications. Many organizations and movement propose recycling as the only way to conserve the environment. The ethical consideration behind recycling is that utilitarian values proposing the maximization of utility for the greater good and for the masses. As it benefits many people as opposed to disposal that harms many people


Recycling is one of the cost important ways by which household, organization and government can come to gather to save Mother Nature from depletion and protecting the ozone layer. Currently, climate change and other disaster can be associated with human activity that contribute to the disposal of hazardous waste onto the environment such as plastic bag and chemical into the sea killing animals and destroying plant cover. Therefore, the only way to reduce wanton destruction of natural resources and save the ozone layer is by recycling.


Sahni, S.; Gutowski, T. G. (2011). "Your scrap, my scrap! The flow of scrap materials through international trade". IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology (ISSST): 1–6.

Moore, C. (2008). "Synthetic polymers in the marine environment: A rapidly increasing, long- term threat". Environmental Research 108: 131–139

Huesemann, H., &,. Huesemann J, (2011). Technofix: Why Technology Won’t Save Us or the Environment, “Challenge #3: Complete Recycling of Non-Renewable Materials and Wastes”, New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, British Columbia, Canada, pp. 135– 137

Oskamp, S, (1995). Resource Conservation and Recycling: Behavior and Policy." Journal of Social Issues 51.4 157–177. Print.


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