Give an example of how medical technology shapes society, and of how society shapes medical technology.

How technology shapes society

In hospitals

In the pre-modern hospital, there were less effective technology and most of the researches were conducted manually, and diagnoses were based on trial and error. However, with the advancement in technology and further acetate of technology as part of the society, hospitals turned to technology to more healthcare service delivery. With the precision of technology, many diseases were cured and more researches conducted lead to the alleviation of the effect of some specific diseases. Today, many decision in hospitals (as a society) are backed by researches conducted using technology and there are some medical procedures conducted using technology such as MRI, CT scan, x-ray, and surgery (Weitz, 2012)

The hospital-patient experience

According to Weitz, (2012), the people who have mostly benefited from technologies in hospitals, is the patients. Technologies have happened improve patient experience in the hospital for example, thee were procedures and other hospital procedures that were done manually, and the most common was manual record keeping. However, with the advancement in technology, record keeping has become very easy and efficient. Additionally, retrieving records has become very easy and efficient thereby improving patient experience.

Changing demographics and development of nursing homes

In the recent past, the demographics of the people checking into nursing homes have changed. For example, technology has helped increase quality of life and life expectancy. In American, the number of the elderly in gerontology homes, and nursing homes has increased unlike before when the people did not live long after their 70th birthday. Today, much American life past their 80th birthday and this means that the dependency rate is high. Therefore, the changing demographics mean that there will be a generational gap with many teenagers, and many elderly people in America with few adults (Timmermans, 1999)

Working in nursing homes

While technology as improved the quality of life and life expectancy, working in the nursing homes has been marred with increased responsibility and technology tendency. For example, as many people check- in nursing homes, the workers are overwhelmed with cases and most of these cases are terminally ill who are in life support machines for longer than average. For example, people with Alzheimer may live more than 10 year in nursing homes. This means that mire technologies must be purchases to help ease the burden of healthcare service delivery and so increased dependence on technology.

Life in nursing homes

Invasion of the home by high-tech medical procedures, mechanisms, and supporting personnel exerts a cost in terms of important values associated with the notion of home. Rooms occupied by the paraphernalia of high-tech medicine may cease to be what they once were in the minds of their occupants. Familiar and comforting family rituals, such as holiday meals, may lose their charm when centered around a mammoth Flexi care bed; and much of the privacy and intimacy of ordinary family life may be sacrificed to the institutional culture that trails in the wake of high-tech Medicine. (Gass, 2004)

Social contraction of technology

The concept of Social construction of technology is founded on the argument that the human action actually shapes technology. The way in which technology is currently modeled embedded in the social context especially in hospice and nursing homes. Technological failures and success is done on how many uses technology. According to Weitz, (2012), in hospital and other healthcare setting, technological success is high because experienced doctors use them. Additionally, technological advances have been rapid because man accepted technology and made decision on which technologies were important and which ones were nit important. In the same breath, technological advance is driven by how man perceived technology and is shaped by operates discomfort with death and this is probably why they accepted the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) which was considered relatively risky. Additionally, the stake in technology by government and corporations is what makes technological advances more rapid. For example, if the government, the society or even corporations did not have any vested economic or social interest in technology, technologies used in healthcare setting would not have been developed (Annas, 2004).

Conclusion

The economics and politics, as well as the cultural forces that underlie the social construction of

Technology are the main drivers of technology acceptance I hospitals and this is completely against the argument of perceived usefulness and perceive ease of use of technology in hospitals. SCOT is founded on the political, economic, as well as social benefits that the companies and the other social interest groups will derive from technology. Additionally, man has to demonstrate that the technologies being developed are safe for use on human and on animals. This is how ma shapes technologies and this is the same way the society shapes technology. Therefore, this argument is in support of social construction of technology

References

Annas, George J. 2004. The Rights of Patients: The Authoritative ACLU Guide to Patients’ Rights. New York: New York University Press.Written by one of America’s foremost experts on health law.

Gass, Thomas E. 2004. Nobody’s Home: Candid Reflections of a Nursing Home Aide. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press..

Timmermans, Stefan. 1999. Sudden Death and the Myth of CPR. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Weitz, Rose (2012), He Sociology of Health, Illness, and Health Care: A Critical Approach

Wadsworth Publishing, 6th Edition

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