Does child sexual abuse affect children’s social emotional skills

III. State the Research Question and Design of the Study:Due11:59pmSunday,Unit3

Research question

Does child sexual abuse affect children’s social emotional skills

Research design

This quantitative study adopted the within subject design.

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Melissa K

Topic: The Effects of Sexual Abuse on Children’s social skills

References:

Josie Spataro, Paul E. Mullen, Philip M. Burgess, David L. Wells, & Simon A. Moss, (2004). Impact of child sexual abuse on mental health Prospective study in males and females. The British Journal of Psychiatry.184: 416-421. Doi: 10.1192/bjp.184.5.416

Kyle R. Stephenson, Corey P. Hughan., &, Cindy M. Meston, (2012). Childhood Sexual

Abuse Moderates the Association between sexual functioning and sexual distress in women. Child Abuse Negl. 2012 February; 36(2): 180189.doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2011.09.015M.

Glasser, I. Leitch, &, S. Farrelly, (1994). The effect of child sexual abuse on social, Interpersonal and sexual function in adult life. The British Journal of Psychiatry (1994)165: 35-47doi:10.1192/bjp.165.1.35

8 Components:

Study #1:

Josie Spataro, Paul E. Mullen, Philip M. Burgess, David L. Wells, & Simon A. Moss, (2004). Impact of child sexual abuse on mental health prospective study in males and females. The British Journal of Psychiatry.184: 416-421. doi: 10.1192/bjp.184.5.416. http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/184/5/416.full

Date: 2004

Authors: Josie Spataro, Paul E. Mullen, Philip M. Burgess, David L. Wells, & Simon A. Moss

Purpose/hypothesis/research question of study: The main purpose of the research was to examine the relationship between child sexual abuse and subsequent possibility of mental disorder.

Sample: The sample was made up of 1612 participants of whom 1327 were sexuality abused female children and 285 were sexually abused male children with a history of mental illness.

Independent and Dependent Variables: IV = sex abuse, DV = mental disorder

IV and DV Operationalization: IV = days of visit to the psychotherapy center, DV = Number of hospital admissions for psychotherapy.

Results of the study: From the study, it was realized that all victims have higher rates of psychological problems compared to the general population (12.4% v. 3.6%). The results indicate higher rates for minor childhood mental disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders and major affective disorders, but not for schizophrenia. The research also found that the male victims were more likely to seek psychopathological assistance. Those males are more likely to develop mental illness as compared to the females (22.8% v. 10.2%).

Why this particular study is relevant to your topic: This particular study is important, as it will help the researcher understand the consequences and possibilities of mental disorders amongst the victims of child sexual abuse.

Study #2:

M. Glasser, I. Kolvin, D. Campbell, A. Glasser, I. Leitch, &, S. Farrelly, (2001). Cycle of child sexual abuse: links between being a victim and becoming a perpetrator. The British Journal of Psychiatry (2001) 179: 482-494doi: 10.1192/bjp.179.6.482

Date: 2001

Authors: M. Glasser, I. Kolvin, D. Campbell, A. Glasser, I. Leitch, &, S. Farrelly,

Purpose/hypothesis/research question of study: The aim of the study was to determine if there was a possibility of victims of child sexual abuse becoming perpetrators. This study was more focused on the victims and the chances of them becoming perpetrators subsequently.

Sample: The retrospective study reviewed clinical case notes of 843 subjects who were constantly attending a specialist forensic psychotherapy center.

Independent and Dependent Variables: IV = child sexual abuse, DV = Perpetrators of sexual abuse.

IV and DV Operationalization: IV = child sexual abuse incidences, DV = number of sex offenders.

Results of the study: Amongst the 747 males in the study, it was released that the risk of being perpetrators was highly correlated with their child sexual abuse experiences, the rate of being perpetrators was high for the victims 35%, while 11% of the perpetrators were non-victims. Out of the 96 females in the sample, 45% were once a victim of childhood sexual abuse, while only one woman was a perpetrator. Additionally, their female relatives once abused a high percentage of the male perpetrators. The result indicated that being a victim is strong predictors of one becoming a perpetrator. It was also noted that parental loss in childhood could also be a strong predictor of becoming a perpetrator.

Why this particular study is relevant to your topic:

This topic is useful for the research as it will help determine the risk factors or predictors of sexual abuse on perpetrators. It is useful for researching on the theory of the cycles of child abuse.

A.Childhood Sexual Abuse Moderates The Association Between Sexual Functioning And Sexual Distress In Women

Childhood Sexual Abuse Moderates The Association Between Sexual Functioning And Sexual Distress In Women

Childhood Sexual Abuse Moderates The Association Between Sexual Functioning And Sexual Distress In Women

Childhood Sexual Abuse Moderates the Association between Sexual Functioning and Sexual Distress in Women

Study #3:

M. Glasser (deceased), I. Kolvin, D. Campbell, A. Glasser, I. Leitch and S. Farrelly, (1994).

The effects of child sexual abuse on social, interpersonal and sexual function in adult life. The British Journal of Psychiatry (1994) 165: 35-47doi: 10.1192/bjp.165.1.35

Date: 1994

Authors: M. Glasser, I. Kolvin, D. Campbell, A. Glasser, I. Leitch, &, S. Farrelly

Purpose/hypothesis/research question of study: The aim of the research was to determine the relationship between reporting an incident of child sexual abuse and the interpersonal difficulties the experience in life. The researcher focused on sexual life, social life, and interpersonal skills of a victim of child sexual abuse

Sample: The researchers used a sample of randomly selected 2250 women out of which 248 were victims of child sexual abuse.

Independent and Dependent Variables: IV = child sexual abuse, DV = social life, sexual life, and economic homicide.

IV and DV Operationalization: IV = Calendar Day, DV = quality of life, socioeconomic status.

Results of the study: There is significant correlation between reporting a child sexual abuse act and a decline in socioeconomic status. The researcher found that victims of a child sexual abuse act have reported high chances of having difficulties with trust, and increased sexual problems.

Why this particular study is relevant to your topic: This study is relevant as it helps to determine the social and private life of the victims of child sexual abuse.

Research question

Does child sexual abuse affect children’s social emotional skills?

Research design

This quantitative study adopted the within subject design.

Sample

The participants will be a larger sample 60 children (n=60), made up of 30 girls and 30 boys volunteers recruited from the population of Chicago between the age of 5 and 18 years. The criteria for inclusion in the sample include being victims of child sexual abuse, must have lived within the community for longer than three years consecutively, must have no history for severe mental illness, and must be competent in English. No specific ethnic groups will be considered because this is a cross-cultural study

Independent Variable: The independent variable is sexual abuse

Dependent Variable: Social emotional skills

Procedure

The data will be analyzed using correlation analysis ad t-tests. Correlation analysis will be used to determine the relationship between child sexual abuse and aggression, depression, and emotional instability, social skills. The research aim to determine if the children are easily agitated when exposed to the opinions of their peers especially derogatory remarks, unreasonable arguments. The research will also analyze how the children used to react to situation before and after the abuse to determine if there is any relationship and if there is the strength of the relationship between the variables, and in what way. The person correlations analysis will be used to analyze the strength of the relations between the dependent and the independent variables. When the correlation coefficient is 0, then there is no relation between the variables under investigation, on the other hand, when the correlations coefficient tends towards 1 then the strength of the relationship increases. It is however, important to understand that correlation does not mean causation.

Operationalized IV: sexual abuse- once or repeated

Operationalized DV: low, moderately, or highly sociable or antisocial; poor, average, and high emotional stability; attentiveness, trusting, honest, aggressive

Results

The t-test will be used to analyze the data because the research involves the comparison of comparison of social emotional skill between two environments, which are when agitated and when calm. These two tests will guide researcher in either accepting or rejecting the research hypothesis

IV. Discuss how you will gather the data for your study: Due 11:59 pm Sunday, Unit4

Sample

The Participants Will Be A Larger Sample 60 Children (N=60), Made Up Of 30 Girls And 30 Boys Volunteers Recruited From The Population Of Chicago Between The Age Of 5 And 18 Years. The Criteria For Inclusion In The Sample Include Being Victims Of Child Sexual Abuse, Must Have Lived Within The Community For Longer Than Three Years Consecutively, Must Have No History For Severe Mental Illness, And Must Be Competent In English. No Specific Ethnic Groups Will Be Considered Because This Is A Cross-Cultural Study

Independent and Dependent Variables:

Independent Variable: _____ the independent variable is sexual abuse

Dependent Variable: _______social emotional skills

Procedure

The Participants Will Be Briefed On The Nature Of The Study, The Purpose Of The Study, And Their Rights Associated With Participation In The Study As Ethical Considerations, Anonymity. The Participants Will Be Provided With Survey Instruments (Questionnaires) To Fill In Based On Their Experiences Before And After The Sexual Abuse. Those Unable To Read And Or Write Will Be Assisted By Their Legal Personal Representatives To Fill In The Questionnaires. The Participants Will Then Be Allowed To Leave At Will After The Survey. It Is Also Important To Note That The Participants Will Be Free To Stop Participating In The Survey At Will.

Operatioanlization of variables:

Operationalized Independent Variable: sexual abuse- once or repeated

Operationalized Dependent Variable: low, moderately, or highly sociable or antisocial; poor, average, and high emotional stability; attentiveness, trusting, honest, aggressive

IV. Discuss How You Will Gather The Data For Your Study: Due11:59 Pm Sunday, Unit 4

The participants together with their legal representatives will be provided with questionnaires detailing events and their experiences before and after the child abuse. The questions will mainly focus on how they relate with their family members, friends, and the society. How they react to situations, and how they cope with life after the study. Other important questions will include how deferent they are from their age mates, and other family members. The questionnaires will be divided into three parts. Par one will focus on how their social and emotional life was before they were sexually abused, the second one will ask them about their plans, what they aspire to become when they grow up, and how they would like the child molesters to be treated. The third part will focus on their behavior after the sexual abuse, how they relate with other children as they grow up, and any other queer behaviors. The participants will also be operationalized by exposing them to the opinions and behaviors of their friends

Operationalized IV: sexual abuse frequency

Operationalized DV: aggression, depression, social, trusting and fun loving

V. Discuss how you will analyze the data for your study:Due11:59pmSunday,Unit5

The data will be analyzed using correlation analysis ad t-tests. Correlation analysis will be used to determine the relationship between child sexual abuse and aggression, depression, and emotional instability, social skills. The research aim to determine if the children are easily agitated when exposed to the opinions of their peers especially derogatory remarks, unreasonable arguments. The research will also analyze how the children used to react to situation before and after the abuse to determine if there is any relationship and if there is the strength of the relationship between the variables, and in what way. The pearson correlations analysis will be used to analyze the strength of the relations between the dependent and the independent variables. When the correlation coefficient is 0, then there is no relation between the variables under investigation, on the other hand, when the correlations coefficient tends towards 1 then the strength of the relationship increases. It is however, important to understand that correlation does not mean causation.

The t-test will be used to analyze the data because the research involves the comparison of comparison of social emotional skill between two environments, which are when agitated and when calm. These two tests will guide researcher in either accepting or rejecting the research hypothesis

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