Report On NCTM Stanards
The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) was founded in 1920. The NCTM has a nuumber of math Standards outlining a vision for school mathematics in the USA and Canada. These standards range from the Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics, the Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics published in 1991 and the Assessment Standards for School Mathematics published in 1995.
Develop a deeper understanding of very large and very small numbers and of various representations of them.Understand vectors and matrices as systems that have some of the properties of the real-number system. Use number-theory arguments to justify relationships involving whole numbers. Use number-theory arguments to justify relationships involving whole numbers. Compare and contrast the properties of numbers and numbers systems, including the rational and real numbers, and understand complex numbers as solutions to quadratic equations that do not have real solutions.
There are a numerous studies (Ardisana (2006), Heitmann (2006), Wood (2006), Blackwell (2001)) had applied mathematics programs based on NCTM standards in some USA States and declared that the importance of applying standards would: raise the level of student achievement in mathematical knowledge and skills who have learned from teachers who received support in the light of the standards- based education programs, improve students ‘ academic language skills particularly writing skill, address the low level of students in learning mathematics, and improve the professional growth of teachers and educational leaders. Considering the importance of standards, several studies has evaluate the content of mathematics in the light of NCTM standards in different educational levels, like the study of Ali and Alshehri (2013) in which revealed that the content of developed mathematics textbooks in grades (3-5) in Saudi Arabia has matched by 93.7% with NCTM standards in the areas of: number and operations, algebra, geometry, measurement, and data analysis & probability. Also, Nassar study (2011)