Global warming refers to a condition of the earth’s atmosphere in which there is an increment of temperature resulting to change in climate. Climatic change is evident when the level of the ocean increases and the occurrences of extreme weather conditions. (Chris, 2000). Global warming occurs due to the carbon dioxide gas and other form of air that traps the heat from the sun. (John, 2004). Global warming just as the name suggests is a global issue, which affect people all over the world. Plants and animals in relatively lowlands are the frequent victims of global warming due to the rising level of the sea, which is an immediate result of global warming (Robert, 2007). M any industrial activities tend to contribute to global warming by adding toxic gases to the atmosphere hence the acidic rain (Virtuosic, 1994). This paper discusses global warming based on causes and effects, solutions and recommendations regarding the control measures.
thenrole of chemcial Causes of Global Warming
We associate a number of factors with the issue of global warming yet we may classify one of them as main cause. It majorly occurs when the green house gases find their way into atmosphere. The green house gases include carbon (IV) oxide, water vapor (H 2 O) and nitrous oxide (N 2 O), (John, 2004). There is a high rate of increase of emission of carbon (IV) oxide, which results from the activities of burning fossil fuels. Scientists connect this to the periodic change of the atmospheric temperature (Chris, 2002). Many people neglect the fact that carbon (IV) oxide or the coal plant gets into the when they burn the fossil fuels and cause global warming. The destructive human activities like deforestation promote the contribution of fossil fuel to global warming, (Ronald, 2000).
Cattle and rice paddies produce methane (CH 4 ) which is also a major cause of global warming (Vitousek, 1994). This gas results from the breakdown of the organic matter by the bacteria in the presence of limited oxygen (O 2 ) supply. The intestines of the domestic animal like cows and goats are the potential sources of this organic matter (Chris, 2002). The combination of methane and carbon dioxide prevents the sun’s rays from penetrating the earth’s atmosphere hence leading to a high atmospheric temperature. This is already global warming.
There are a number of industrial gases, which are potential absorbers of the infrared radiations. These gases include the chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydro fluorocarbons (HFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ). We generally term them as the greenhouses (GHGs). The GHGs form a layer in the atmosphere, which the thermal radiation cannot penetrate hence the heat concentrates. The effect of these green house gases may rise to a level of global warming.
Statistics has recorded an increase of the concentration of CO 2 from 280 parts per million by volume (ppmv) 370 ppm. This shows that the industrial revolution has been a major contributor of the global warming. This implies that the rate of the increase to be approximately 1.5 ppm/yr, which translates to (0.4 percent/yr). The concentration of CH 4 was merely 700 (ppbv) during the pre-industrial period, yet the industrial revolution has made it to 1,720 ppbv. Similarly, N 2 O has registered a large increase in concentration, which is from 275 ppbv to 312 ppbv. This rate of increase translates to 0.8 ppbv/yr (0.25 percent/yr) (Bruce, Lee, and Haites 1996).
Effects of Global Warming
Global warming is a potential threat to all forms of life and investments whereby it has adversely affected human beings and their properties. The lands on which we settle and carry out our activities suffer when the snow decreases and the ocean level rises (Ronald, 2000). Temperature directly influences the precipitation in which an increase in temperature subsequently increases the rate and amount of the precipitation. Temperature is also the greatest factor of global warming hence the former is a major cause of the extreme weather conditions. On the other hand, the other areas will experience a different case but equally extreme, which are likely to be dry spell or hazardous tropical cyclones and floods (Robert, 2007).
Research has shown that the ecosystem has been for a long time a victim of global warming which affects it largely. Statistics of the research approximate the number of animals who will become extinct in the coming 25 years to translate 40%. (Ronald, 2000). Global warming does so since it is greatly effective on the earth’s surface by the same amount of animals as in plants. Global warming is a direct cause of food shortage for which reason we connect it to ill health. Therefore, in the near future, we are likely to suffer food shortage and subsequently alteration of the human health. Drought and floods are the intermediate cause of all these (Robert, 2007).
We are likely to lose many economic assets because of global warming. This is evident when the flood occurs and carries away most of the human properties warming. The owners of the lost items tend to compensate them and in the so doing, it will have greatly affected the economy. We therefore say an effect is economic when we compensate the losses that the disaster creates. Global warming through climatic changes increases the cost of disaster compensation.
Solutions to Global Warming
Global warming being a global issue, it attracts the attention of many individuals who become rather concerned. These people express their concern in one way or another, for instance, they try to evaluate the effect of global warming to human beings and try to suggest the possible solutions to the problem. In so doing, these focused persons tend to work further towards preventing any more occurrences (Chris, 2002).
Environmental activist are now in the front line of campaigning to enable the people understand the importance of clean and healthy environment. Pollution is no more a problem in this type of environment that the activists are intending to create. Nutritionists are also doing well in their department in which they tend to encourage any human being to eat safely for the purpose of good health. They do this by are encouraging individuals to eat local food which lack toxins since their source, farm, is safe for the human life. Because of this measure, we are not likely to consume carbon dioxide and the other harmful gases, which are the major pollutants of toxins. (Virtuosic, 1994). Apart from these measures, people have the ability of reducing the effect of global warming by purchasing environmental friendly vehicles, which consume less fuel. This will reduce the rate of emissions of carbon II oxide into the atmosphere that will greatly reduce the occurrence of global warming (Ronald, 2000).
Recommendations on how to Prevent Global Warming
Local governments should take the full responsibility of educating the residence of the area in question. Through this, they will realize the side effects of global warming (Chris, 2002), informing them and updating them that global warming is a serious issue. Others suggest that the ministry of education should incorporate global warming as a discipline in the syllabus of the school curriculum to extend the education to young children. This will equip the children with adequate information about the causes and effects of the issue. They will subsequently understand the appropriate implementation measures to help reduce its effects (John, 2004).
We also call for the attention of the government to implement rules governing the operation of the companies and industries. One way of doing this is by ensuring that they rather use the environmental friendly sources of energy that cause little or no pollution. Societies should also play their part by resorting to the alternative activities, which do not involve careless disposal but be used to recycling, not using water at lethal temperatures, ignoring frozen food and going for the fresh ones and finally developing the culture of planting plant a tree or two (Ronald, 2000).
Global warming results from the concentration of the greenhouse gases greatly and affects the climate. Global warming is emerging to be a serious threat to the societies hence the need to look for appropriate solutions. Application of the modern technology is becoming the best way of adjusting to global warming. It is quite important to understand that most of our daily activities are the potential cause of global climatic change.
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